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What Banks are Looking for in Your Financial Statements

What Banks are Looking for in Your Financial Statements

By Fahad Suleman, CPA

September 21, 2020


A bank usually requires a set of financial statements to calculate the amount of credit that can be provided to a business or to evaluate solvency of a business to ensure the current credit provided will be paid back to the bank. A bank analyses financial statements to review debt levels of a business and reduce any related credit risk. A bank can also request reviewed financial statements for current borrowers to ensure all of the covenants listed in the loan agreement are being met by the business. Banks usually analyze the following sections of the financial statements:

Cash Flows:

Statement of Cash flows are analyzed by the bank to ensure sufficient cash inflows are coming in the business to cater its debt obligations as required by the borrowers. Banks would like to avoid giving credit to any business which would run into liquidity issues and would have a hard time to repay its debt.


Assets held by a potential client are usually appraised by the bank to ensure the potential borrower has enough resources to sell the assets currently held by the business to repay the bank for any loans that will be advanced.


A bank will usually review the current liabilities of a potential client to ensure the client is not over-leveraged and the business will be to repay any additional loan obligations made by the bank in addition to its current liabilities.


A bank analyses the amount of revenue that a business is generating to ensure that the profitability trend is in line with its requirements. An adverse effect to profitability of a business could result in limitation to a business’s ability to repay its debts.


Expenses are usually reviewed by the bank to determine how the business is currently managing its affairs and if any excessive expenditures are being made in a certain category. It is certainly a tough area to analyze as certain expenditures made by the business would possibly be in relation to increasing the future sales and market share.

This information is for discussion purposes only and should not be considered professional advice. There is no guarantee or warrant of information on this site and it should be noted that rules and laws change regularly. You should consult a professional before considering implementing or taking any action based on information on this site. Call our team for a consultation before taking any action. © 2020 Shajani LLP

Nizam Shajani, Partner, LLM, CPA, CA, TEP, MBA

I enjoy formulating plans that help my clients meet their objectives. It's this sense of pride in service that facilitates client success which forms the culture of Shajani CPA.

Shajani Professional Accountants has offices in Calgary, Edmonton and Red Deer, Alberta. We’re here to support you in all of your personal and business tax and other accounting needs.