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Understanding the Updated Form T2200 for Home Office Expenses

The 2023 Update to Form T2200

For the 2023 tax year, the CRA has implemented updates to Form T2200, which is a crucial document for employees who wish to claim deductions for home office expenses. This form must be completed and signed by the employer to certify that an employee has incurred work-related expenses as a condition of their employment. The updated form is designed to better align with the evolving nature of remote work and the expenses associated with maintaining a home office.

Transition Away from the Temporary Flat Rate Method

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the CRA introduced a temporary flat rate method to simplify the process for claiming home office expenses. This method allowed employees to claim a deduction without the need for detailed record-keeping or a completed Form T2200. However, it’s important to note that this simplified option was only available for the tax years 2020, 2021, and 2022.

For the 2023 tax year and beyond, the temporary flat rate method no longer applies. Employees looking to claim home office expenses must revert to using the detailed method. This approach requires maintaining records and receipts of work-related expenses and necessitates having a Form T2200 that has been duly completed and signed by the employer.

Implications for Employees and Employers

For Employees: If you plan to claim home office expenses on your 2023 tax return, it’s essential to discuss the need for a completed Form T2200 with your employer. You will need to accurately track and document all relevant expenses, such as utilities, internet, and office supplies, that are directly related to your employment duties. This detailed documentation will be necessary to support your claim when filing your tax return.

For Employers: It is crucial to understand your role in this process. If your employees are required to work from home and incur related expenses, you will need to provide them with a completed Form T2200. This form not only supports your employees in optimizing their tax filings but also demonstrates compliance with CRA requirements.

Strategic Planning for Family-Owned Enterprises

For families running family-owned enterprises, this change underscores the importance of strategic tax planning and diligent record-keeping. Whether you are an employer providing remote work options or an employee incurring home office expenses, understanding these requirements is vital for ensuring compliance and maximizing tax efficiency.

Workspace in Home

Under the “Workspace in Home Expenses” category, for employees who have a T2200 form signed by their employer for the 2023 tax year, the Income Tax Act and Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) guidelines specify various expenses that can and cannot be claimed. These are detailed as follows:

Expenses that can be claimed:

Portion of Utilities: A reasonable proportion of expenses paid for the maintenance of the home, such as the cost of fuel, electricity, and water charges, is deductible under paragraph 8(1)(i) of the Act.

Maintenance Costs: Expenses related to the maintenance of the home, including light bulbs, cleaning materials, and minor repairs, can be deducted as long as they are apportioned between the employment use and the non-employment use of the home on a reasonable basis.

Long Distance Calls: The cost of long-distance telephone calls and cellular telephone calls or the cost of an unlimited long distance plan that reasonably relates to the earning of employment income qualifies as supplies under subparagraph 8(1)(i)(iii) of the Act. The expense related to the unlimited long distance plan should be apportioned between the employment use and the personal use on some reasonable basis.

Property Taxes and Insurance: For commission sales employees, a reasonable portion of property taxes and property insurance paid may be claimed, provided all the requirements of subparagraphs 8(1)(f)(i) to (iv) are met.

Expenses that cannot be claimed:

Internet Access Fees: Internet access fees are not considered supplies that could qualify for a deduction under subparagraph 8(1)(i)(iii) of the Act.

Second Telephone Line: The cost of a second telephone line, even if used exclusively for work purposes, is considered non-deductible for the purposes of subparagraph 8(1)(i)(iii) of the Act.

Capital Outlays and Losses: Deductions for capital outlays, losses or replacements of capital, or payments on account of capital are explicitly denied.

Monthly Basic Rate for Telephone Line: The monthly basic rate for a telephone line or the cost to connect or license a cellular telephone are not supplies that could qualify for a deduction under subparagraph 8(1)(i)(iii) of the Act.

Additional Requirements:

  • The workspace must be the place where the employee principally (more than 50% of the time) performs the duties of employment or is used exclusively for the purpose of earning income from the office or employment and used on a regular and continuous basis for meeting customers or other persons in the ordinary course of performing the duties.
  • The employee must not have been reimbursed and is not entitled to reimbursement for such expenses.
  • The expenses must reasonably be regarded as applicable to the earning of income from the office of employment.
  • The supplies must be consumed directly in the performance of the taxpayer’s employment duties.

It is important to note that the eligibility for deduction of home office expenses is a question of fact and must be determined on a case-by-case basis. The completion and signing of Form T2200 by the employer are necessary but not sufficient conditions for the deductibility of these expenses. Employees must meet the specific conditions outlined in the Income Tax Act and CRA guidelines.


As we navigate the post-pandemic tax landscape, updates such as the revised Form T2200 for the 2023 tax year play a critical role in tax preparation and planning. By staying informed and prepared, you can ensure that you’re taking full advantage of available deductions while remaining compliant with CRA regulations. Remember, our goal is to guide you through these complex tax changes, aligning with our tagline, “Tell us your ambitions, and we will guide you there.” Should you have any questions or need further clarification on claiming home office expenses or any other tax-related matter, please feel free to reach out for expert advice tailored to your unique situation.

This information is for discussion purposes only and should not be considered professional advice. There is no guarantee or warrant of information on this site and it should be noted that rules and laws change regularly. You should consult a professional before considering implementing or taking any action based on information on this site. Call our team for a consultation before taking any action. ©2024 Shajani CPA.

Shajani CPA is a CPA Calgary, Edmonton and Red Deer firm and provides Accountant, Bookkeeping, Tax Advice and Tax Planning service.

Nizam Shajani, Partner, LLM, CPA, CA, TEP, MBA

I enjoy formulating plans that help my clients meet their objectives. It's this sense of pride in service that facilitates client success which forms the culture of Shajani CPA.

Shajani Professional Accountants has offices in Calgary, Edmonton and Red Deer, Alberta. We’re here to support you in all of your personal and business tax and other accounting needs.