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Tax in the News Key Insights on the Draft Legislation for Capital Gains Tax Changes

Overview of the Capital Gains Inclusion Rate Increase Motion

Brace yourself, taxpayers: the capital gains tax is about to change dramatically. On June 10, 2024, the federal government introduced a Notice of Ways and Means Motion to the House of Commons, detailing significant changes to the capital gains inclusion rate. This motion is a crucial step in the legislative process, set to be implemented on June 25, 2024. The final legislation will follow in July, but the 56-page document already provides vital guidance for Chartered Professional Accountants (CPAs) to help clients navigate these changes.

Key Highlights of the Motion

Increase in Capital Gains Inclusion Rate

The capital gains inclusion rate will rise from one-half to two-thirds. This change applies to net capital gains exceeding $250,000 for individuals and to all net gains realized by corporations and most trusts. This increase aims to generate $19.4 billion over five years, funding essential investments like the construction of nearly 4 million new homes.

New Exemptions and Thresholds

To mitigate the impact on middle-class Canadians and small business owners, several exemptions and thresholds have been introduced:

  • $250,000 Annual Threshold: Individuals can benefit from the current one-half inclusion rate on capital gains up to this threshold.
  • Lifetime Capital Gains Exemption (LCGE): Increased to $1.25 million for eligible small business shares and farming and fishing property.
  • Canadian Entrepreneurs’ Incentive: Reduces the inclusion rate to one-third on a lifetime maximum of $2 million in eligible capital gains.

Concerns and Recommendations from CPA Canada

CPA Canada has been vocal about the need for detailed implementation guidance and adequate consultation. While the motion includes some recommendations, such as extending the annual $250,000 capital gain safe harbour to graduated rate estates and qualified disability trusts, several concerns remain unaddressed:

  • Insufficient Preparation Time: There is limited time for taxpayers to arrange their affairs before the June 25 effective date.
  • Lack of Election Mechanism: No option to realize capital gains at the current inclusion rate before the change takes effect.
  • Equity Issues: The inability to share the $250,000 threshold with corporations owned by individuals creates inequities in the tax system.

Impact on Family-Owned Enterprises

For families with family-owned enterprises, these changes have profound implications. The increased inclusion rate could significantly affect financial planning, investment decisions, and tax liabilities. It is essential to evaluate the impact on both personal and corporate finances.

Strategic Considerations for Families

  1. Review Asset Holdings: Assess current investments to determine potential capital gains and explore strategic sales or restructuring before the inclusion rate change.
  2. Utilize Exemptions: Make full use of the increased LCGE and other exemptions to minimize tax liabilities.
  3. Plan for Future Investments: Consider the long-term implications of the new inclusion rate on future investments and estate planning.

Pro-Business Perspective: Balancing Fairness and Economic Growth

While the government’s intent is to create a fairer tax system, the increased inclusion rate may have unintended consequences for economic growth and investment incentives. Businesses, particularly small enterprises, play a crucial role in driving innovation and job creation. The higher tax burden on capital gains could deter investment, impacting the broader economy.

Advocacy for Further Reforms

CPA Canada continues to advocate for a comprehensive review of the tax regime to achieve a simpler, fairer, and more efficient system. Key recommendations include:

  • Delayed Implementation: Pushing the effective date to January 1, 2025, to allow adequate time for consultation and preparation.
  • Mechanisms for Pre-Implementation Elections: Allowing taxpayers to elect to realize capital gains under the current rate before the new inclusion rate takes effect.


The upcoming changes to the capital gains inclusion rate present both challenges and opportunities for Canadian taxpayers, particularly those with family-owned enterprises. As tax experts, our role is to guide you through these changes, helping you make informed decisions that align with your financial goals and aspirations.

At Shajani CPA, we are committed to providing the highest quality tax advice and planning. Stay tuned for more updates and insights as we continue to monitor the legislative process and advocate for a tax system that supports fairness, growth, and prosperity for every generation.


This information is for discussion purposes only and should not be considered professional advice. There is no guarantee or warrant of information on this site and it should be noted that rules and laws change regularly. You should consult a professional before considering implementing or taking any action based on information on this site. Call our team for a consultation before taking any action. ©2024 Shajani CPA.

Shajani CPA is a CPA Calgary, Edmonton and Red Deer firm and provides Accountant, Bookkeeping, Tax Advice and Tax Planning service.

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Nizam Shajani, Partner, LLM, CPA, CA, TEP, MBA

I enjoy formulating plans that help my clients meet their objectives. It's this sense of pride in service that facilitates client success which forms the culture of Shajani CPA.

Shajani Professional Accountants has offices in Calgary, Edmonton and Red Deer, Alberta. We’re here to support you in all of your personal and business tax and other accounting needs.